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Judaism is the religion of the Jewish people (ca. 1500 BC). It is one of the first recorded monotheistic faiths and one of the oldest religious traditions still practiced today. The values and history of the Jewish people are a major part of the foundation of other Abrahamic religions such as Christianity and Islam.


Judaism is characterized by strict monotheism, the belief that there is a single, omniscient, omnipotent, omnibenevolent, transcendent God, who created the universe and continues to be involved in its governance. According to traditional Jewish belief, the God who created the world established a covenant with the Jewish people, and revealed his laws and commandments to them in the form of the Torah. The practice of Judaism is devoted to the study and observance of these laws and commandments, as written in the Torah.
In Judaism, the belief that a Messiah, the expected king of the line of David who will deliver the Jews from foreign bondage and restore Israel's golden age, plays a certain role. Which is still to come, contrary to Christianity.


The Jewish community has never developed any one binding catechism, though all such formulations, many were formulated by medieval rabbinic authorities, demonstrate a commonality of core ideology. Nevertheless, the discussions on the Principles of Jewish Faith is controversial between different authorities.

Ancient Texts

The fundamental script is the the Hebrew Bible or Tanakh which is known by Christians as the Old Testament. The Kabbalah as "received tradition" provides insight into Jewish mysticism, which attempts to reveal hidden mystical insights in the Tanakh and offers mystical insight into divine nature. The Midrash as a collection of commentaries provide an extensive and critical interpretation of the Tanakh.

Another important source is the Talmud which is a record of rabbinic discussions pertaining to Jewish law, ethics, customs and history. The overall collection of talmudic, biblical law, and rabbinic law as well as customs and traditions is called the Halakhic. Whereas, the basis of Jewish law and tradition ("halakha") is the Torah (the five books of Moses).

Furthermore, the collections of Piyyutim plays an important role. Singular: Piyyut which is a liturgical poem, usually designated to be sung, chanted, or recited during religious services. Some of the texts can be read at Sacred Texts.

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