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Persian Mythology is the old tradition from the people who inhabited the Iranian Plateau and its borderlands, as well as areas of Central Asia from the Black Sea to Khotan, sometimes called Greater Iran. From the earlier forms of beliefs system the Zoroastrianism (ca. 1200 BC) is the most well known religion which is still practiced today.

These traditions are closely connected to the traditions of the Indus Valley. Thus, these traditions can be summarized as the traditions of Proto Indo-Iranian Religion. Here exists a close link to Hinduism via the Vedic Religions.

Take a look at some articles dealing with Persian Mythology (Pantheon.org).


In the earlier forms of Persian Mythology there were several Daevas (Persian: div, see the Avestan Language), meaning 'celestial' or 'bright' which were playing an important role. Here the Ahuras where the most important. The name was used to make a clear distinction between them and the other Daevas. These divinities were worshiped in pre-Zoroastrian traditions, and in Vedic religions. The daeva were considered holy and sacred beings.

However, the principle of God and Evil evolved in all Persian Mythology quite early. All characters became either good, or evil and are battling an eternal fight for dominion.

In Zoroastrianism the term daeva became associated with the evil demons only. The strict monotheism makes Ahura Mazda the only divine power which is worshiped. All other kind of worship is considered to be deceit. Later, the Ahuras where reintegrated as Yazatas.


Ancient Scriptures

The oldest sources are the Achaemenid inscriptions. The most well known sources are the Avestas of Zoroastrianism.

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