Nevertheless, Daoism is better described as a philosophical school and as a religion based on Chinese traditions and mythology. The origins are rooted deeply to the prehistoric Chinese religions. Nevertheless, the introductions of Buddhism had a profound impact on the development of Daoism.
The Chinese have always seen the human body as a microcosmic image of the larger, macrocosmic universe. Human beings are but an archetype of heavenly beings and heavenly structure.
The Principle of Ying and Yang.
Everything originates from the Dao and the
main focus of the teaching is to return to it. Alas, the most people will
die or become to ill or to distracted before becoming one with the
Thus, the Daoism teaches to preserve and to nourish the
Qi to achieve a healthy body and long life
which is the supposition for any spiritual
ambitions. To do so one has to practice detachment and to nurture
the San Bao (Three Treasures)
or 3 bodily energies (Ching,
through activities such as exercise and meditation.
These exercises are commonly referred as Qi Gong.
Furthermore,one must observe and reflect on nature to find enlightenment.
The Daoist philosophy and their scriptures goes back to the so called early spring and autumn period (722 - 481 B.C.) The most well know is the "Dao De Jing" from Laotse. Nevertheless the "Zhou Yi Can Tong Qi" and the "Huang Ting Jing" are supposed to be as important as the former. Some ancient texts of Daoism can be viewed at Sacred Texts.